## 20 Feb 2020

### What are Wormholes | How Wormholes Work and How Wormholes are Created (Wormhole Einstein Rosen Bridge)

This post explains- What are Wormholes (Einstein Rosen Bridge)? How Wormholes Work? How Wormholes are Created (Formed)? Do wormholes really exist? How wormholes can be used to travel faster than the speed of light and also for time travel? I will also discuss here, How do wormholes look like and how can we visualize Wormholes?
So let's first understand What are wormholes.

## What are Wormholes?

A Wormhole can be visualized as a tunnel having two ends at separate points in space-time. Wormholes actually are shortcuts  for very long journeys across the universe. They can be used to connect two separate points at different locations or different points in time or both. Wormholes  are based on a special solution of the Einstein field equations.
Wormholes are also known by other names like Einstein - Rosen Bridge or Einstein Rosen Wormhole. According to some scientists wormholes are simply a projection of the fourth dimension. To understand it think of it as, how a person living in a two dimensional space could experience only part of a three dimensional object.
Wormholes can be used to connect points separated by extremely large distances even billions of light years away or other universes and also at different points in time.
Now I will tell you how can we visualize a wormhole.

## How to Visualize a Wormhole and How does a Wormhole Work

With the help of this simple experiment you will understand how does a wormhole look like and how does it function.
For this you need a sheet of paper. Draw two points at some distance on the paper. Now assume That this sheet of paper represents a plane in the space- time Continuum and these two points represent the distance that we want to travel.
You understand that the shortest path between the two points is the straight line joining these two points.
Now I will tell you how does a wormhole work. All you need to do is, just fold the paper in a way that these two points touch or come very close to each other. You can observe now that the distance between the two points in this case is either zero or is much smaller than the straight line path before folding the paper. So this is the basic principle of working of wormholes. In the same way wormholes can provide shortcuts for very long distance travel across the universe by creating a tunnel through the fabric of space-time.

Wormholes are predicted by the theory of general relativity. Although wormholes can be used for travelling faster than the speed of light and also for time travel but there are some risks that are associated with the use of wormholes like-

1.Dangers of sudden collapse
2.Dangerous contact with exotic matter and

But travelling through wormholes is not an easy task.
There are two major problems-

1.Microscopic size of Wormholes and
2.Another problem is related to the stability of wormholes.

Actually it has been predicted that wormholes exist on microscopic levels, nearly 10^-33 (10 to the power -33) centimeters.
Another problem comes from stability. The predicted einstein-rosen wormholes may be useless for travel because they are extremely unstable so collapse too quickly.

## Is there any solution of the problems of Wormholes

There is also a possibility that with the expansion of the universe some wormholes may have been stretched to larger sizes.
But according to scientists, it is possible to stabilize wormholes with the help of some very exotic type of matter. But scientists are uncertain about the availability of such type of exotic matter in the universe. But it is believed that if we could find this exotic matter somehow, then it would be possible to keep the Wormhole containing exotic matter open and unchanging for longer periods of time.
Stephen Hawking and many other physicists believe that wormholes are constantly popping in and out of existence at the quantum level.  But to use them for time travel, it is required to inflate them to human scales, as quantum levels are much smaller than atoms. But Because of incompatibility between general relativity and Quantum Mechanics various efforts by scientists have failed to  prove it practically.

So although wormholes seem to be the fastest technique to travel through spacetime as they can reduce the distances by billions of light years but using them for travelling through space and time appears to be very difficult at least in the near future. But we should never give up. Let's Hope, one day we would travel many times faster than the speed of light with the help of wormholes as distance does not matter much for wormholes.
So friends this was all about the fascinating world of wormholes.
Credits and Sources 1

Credits and Sources 1

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