21 Oct 2019

Venus Planet- (Venus Facts, Venus Atmosphere, Venus Temperature, Size, Mass, Rotation, Life on Venus)

In this video you will learn many interesting facts about the beautiful planet Venus.
Venus is the second planet from the sun. Venus is sometimes also known as the earth's sister planet, or twin planet of earth, as it is similar to earth in size and mass.
You will be surprised to know that a day on Venus lasts longer than a year. It is so because, the Venus rotates on its axis so slow that its rotation period is longer than its Revolution period around the sun.
Actually a year on Venus takes 225 Earth days but its rotation period on its axis is equal to 243 earth days, which is longest in the solar system.
You will find it interesting that on Venus, sun rises in the west and sets in the East, which is just opposite to, what happens on the earth. The reason behind this is, Venus rotates in the opposite direction to the earth.

Watch the Complete Video Here

Venus does not have any natural satellite. Venus is the only planet in our solar system that has been named after a female. Actually Venus is the name of roman goddess of beauty and love. The Planet Venus has been the symbol of beauty as it is the second brightest object in the sky after the moon, as seen from the Earth.
Venus rotates in the opposite direction to most other planets. Venus is rotating in the opposite direction to the sun. This is Known as retrograde rotation. This rotation in opposite direction was caused due to a collision with an asteroid in the past.

Venus is so bright that it can be seen during day time on a clear day.
You will find it interesting that the atmospheric pressure on Venus is 92 times more than the earth's. It means that if you stand on its surface then you would feel pressure equivalent to that experienced deep beneath the sea on earth. If someone tries to walk on its surface he or she will be crushed to death.
Because of this extremely high atmospheric pressure on Venus, any asteroid that tries to enter into its atmosphere, is crushed to pieces before hitting the surface. That is the Reason why, craters formed by asteroid impact are nearly absent on the planet.

Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system, its average surface temperature is 462 degrees centigrade. But now You may ask, why planet Venus is hottest not mercury, as mercury is the nearest Planet to the sun?
Actually the reason behind very high temperature of Venus is its amplified greenhouse effect, 96.5% of the atmospheric gas of the Venus contains carbon dioxide, that traps The Heat and causes increased surface temperature, that makes it hotter than even Mercury.
As we know that our planet Earth is tilted on its axis, which is responsible for seasonal variations on earth. But Venus is  not tilted on its axis, so there is no seasonal variation.
In 1961 Russia launched the first space probe to Venus, Venera 1, but it lost contact with base.
But in 1962 mariner 2, a probe to Venus by USA was able to take measurements of the Venus planet. It is important to note here that Venera 3 by the Soviet Union was the first man made craft to land on Venus in 1966.
The orbit of Venus planet is slightly elliptical. So it's distance From the Sun when it is closest to it, is 107M km and it's farthest distance is 108M km.
Unlike Earth Venus has no flattening around the poles, it has a perfect spherical shape.
The Diameter of Venus planet is 12092 km which is smaller than earth by 650 km.
The mass of Venus is 81.5 percent of the mass of earth. The total mass of Venus is 4.86×10(24) kg.
The surface gravity of the Venus planet is 8.87 m/s(2) which is 9.8 m/s(2) for earth. The escape velocity is 10.36 km per second. Escape Velocity is the velocity that is required to escape The gravitational pull of the planet.
The highest mountain on the surface of Venus is known as Maxwell. It covers 540 miles in length with a maximum height of 7 miles.
So these were some amazing facts about the beautiful planet Venus.


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