7 Jul 2022

What is Electronics and Branches of Electronics - Electronics Engineering

This article explains, What is Electronics and What are different Branches of Electronics. It Provides the Basic Introduction to electronics along with the definition of electronics. Here you will be introduced to Branches of electronics like Analog electronics, Digital electronics, Power electronics, Microelectronics, Circuit design electronics, Integrated circuits electronics, Optoelectronics, Embedded systems electronics and semiconductor devices electronics.

Electronics and Branches of Electronics Video

So first lets start with Electronics definition-

Definition of Electronics

Electronics is a science that deals with electrical devices and circuits that operate by controlling the flow of electrons or other electrically charged particles. This branch of science deals with how electrons behave in gases, vacuum or semiconductors. Following are the different branches of Electronics with some details about each branch

Branches of Electronics

1.Analog electronics Analogue electronics deals with analogue signals. Analogue signals are continuously variable signals. This is in contrast to the digital signals that generally take only two levels. 2.Digital electronics The digital electronics deals with digital signals. Digital Signals are the signals that take usually 2 levels. 3.Power electronics Power Electronics acts as an interface between the electrical source and electrical load. It is the application of solid state electronics to the control and conversion of electric power. 4.Microelectronics As clear by the name itself, microelectronics is the branch of Electronics that is related to the electronic designs at very small level. 5.Circuit design electronics The circuit design includes, designing basic electronic components to complex electronic systems. 6.Integrated circuits electronics Integrated circuits are commonly known as IC in short. An integrated circuit is a small chip that may contain millions of electronic components like resistors, capacitors or transistors. 7.Optoelectronics As the name suggests, the optoelectronics is the branch of Electronics that combines optics (light) with electronics. It includes the use of light sources, light detectors and mechanism to carry and control light. 8.Embedded systems electronics Embedded systems are the systems that are designed to perform a fixed function with no or minimum human interference. Embedded systems are controlled by a real time operating system and are the combination of computer hardware and software. 9.Semiconductor devices electronics Semiconductor devices make use of semiconductor materials like silicon, Germanium, gallium arsenide. The conductivity of semiconductors lie between that of conductors and insulators.

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